Gujrat

Published on by KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ

The Chenab river Railway bridge in Gujrat, Pak...
The Chenab river Railway bridge in Gujrat, Pakistan. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Gujrat (Urdu: گُجرات‎), is a city in Pakistan. It is the capital of Gujrat District and the Gujrat Tehsil subdivision in the Punjab Province.[1] The major sources of livelihood among the Gujrat populace are agriculture and small industries. Gujrat is also known as the city of King Porus.

Location
Gujrat (not to be confused with the Indian State Gujarat) is situated on the bank of Chenab River, the headquarter of Gujrat district, and it is one of the famous city of Pakistan.

  History

Gujrat was founded by Raja Bachhan Pal Gurjar in 460 BC, according to General Cunningham, the British historian. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexander the Great, and that the city's Raja Porus put up a fierce challenge to Alexander's invasion at the bank of the Jehlum River. The establishment of Gujrat City was realised early in the 19th century after the British Empire and in support of regional landlords (e.g., Daswandi Khan of Daswandi Pura).
Gujrat became a part of the Muslim Sultanate of Delhi when the Afghan noble Sultan Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghauri conquered Punjab in 1185. Gujrat slowly developed as medieval town and many Muslim Sufi missionaries converted the local Gurjar population to Islam. During the Mughal period, Mughal royalty frequently travelled through the district en route to Kashmir. When King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of his death was suppressed to avoid any chaos in the empire. His abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat. To this day, an annual festival is held commemorating this event, commonly known as the "Festival of Jahangir".
Shah Daula is a Sufi saint of the city and he met Sikh's aixth Guru Gobind Singh (1595–1644) when he was passing though Gujrat. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Gujrat. The Sikh army under Sardar Gujjar Singh Bhangi in 1765 defeated the Gakhar ruler of Gujrat and annexed it to the Sikh Territories. From 1765–1846 Gujrat was controlled by the Sikhs.
Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district: the Battle of Chillianwala and the Battle of Gujrat. Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February 1849 did the British declare victory in Punjab.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Gujrat district. Muslims refugees from East Punjab, Haryana, Jammu started arriving and crossed the border in to Pakistan; many were given land in Gujrat District to settle.
There are many historical buildings and ruins in and around Gujrat. The Grand Trunk Road, commonly abbreviated as G.T. Road, built by emperor Sher Shah Suri, also passes through Gujrat. The road still exists today, along with its period stone wall. Historical buildings and ruins can be found in nearby towns throughout the area.
Education
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "territory resembling ancient Greece", in reference to the high number of educational institutes present in the area. The following universities and colleges are locate
  • University of Gujrat Main/Hafiz Hayat Campus,2 K.M off Main Jalalpure Jattan Road,Link University/Hafiz Hayat Road.
  • University of Gujrat,Nawaz Sharif Medical College, 2 K.M off Main Jalalpure Jattan Road, Link University/ Hafiz Hayat Road.
  • University of Gujrat,Fatima Jinnah College, Fawara Chowk. [1]
  • University of Gujrat, College for Boys, School of Law, Modern Languages Learning Centre, G.T Road.
  • University of Gujrat Murghzar College For Girls, Bhimber Road, Murghazar [2]
  • University of Gujrat, College for Girls, Railways Road.
  • Institute of Modern Practical Arts & Communicational Technologies (IMPACT College Gujrat)
  • Hashmat Medical and Dental College, Jalalpur Jattan. (recog. PM&DC)
  • Govt. Zamindar College, Bhimber Road opposite Aziz Bhatti Hospital
  • Punjab College of Commerce, Gujrat
  • Govt. College of Commerce, Jalalpure Jattan Road, Bolay.
  • Govt. Commerce Institute for Girls,Jalalpure Jattan Road near Green Town.
  • Govt. Vocational Training Institute for Girls, Jalalpure Jattan Road near Green Town.
  • Sanat Zaar, Jalalpure Jattan Road.
  • Govt. Swedish Pakistani collage of Tecnology, Servis More.
  • Govt. Technical Training Institute, G.T Road, near Servis Morde.
  • Govt Miss froze-o-din girls high school(near walit sah musjid, jinah road)
  • Govt. Fan manufacturing Institute, Small Industries Estate.
  • Govt. Ceramics Institute, Small Industries Estate.
  • Govt. Furniture Institute, Small Industries Estate.
  • Govt. College for Teacher's Training, Court Road, Civil Lines.
  • Govt.Public High School No.2(Boys) Railway road Gujrat.
  • Govt.Muslim Parda School (For Girls) Staff gala Gujrat.
  • Govt. Miss Fatima Jinnah High School (for girls)muhallah fattu pura gujrat city,
  • University of Munawwar-ul-islam Main Jalalpure Jattan Road Link umi-pk.com .
  • Punjab Group of Colleges, G.T road
  • The Learners' Heaven School, Green Town Near Old Civil Lines.
  • Global City School Dinga Morde.
  • Bloomfield Hall School, Jinnah Road.
  • Gujrat Homeopathic Medical College.
  • Gujrat Group of Colleges, Bhimber Road Murghzar and Model Town.
  • Vision Science College, for boys Gujrat.
  • Ajmery Group of Colleges
  • CMH medical college, Kharian (proposed)
  • Jinnah College of Commerce (for Boys)
  • Chenab Group of Colleges, Jalalpure Jattan Road and Gharibpura Road.
  • ILM College, G.T Road
  • Jamia Islamia Le-Binat-Ul-Islam (religious)
  • Govt. Comprehensive School, G.T. Road (Govt. Jamia high School)
  • Bright Model School (BM Edu. Campus)
  • Municipal Model High School for Boys
  • Municipal Model High School
  • Shaukat Model High School muhallah fattupura gujrat city
  • Ghazali Public School Amana Abad
  • Government Zamindar High School
  • Pakistan International Public School (P.I.P.S) Shadman
  • Dar-e-Arqam Model High School Gujrat
  • Govt. Muslim High School Gujrat
  • County Public High School Gujrat
  • Roots Foundation High School Gujrat
  • Standard Model High Gujrat
  • Beaconhouse School System (Pakistan) G.T Road near River Garden Housing
  • Jinnah Public School (Near UOG Hafiz Hayat Campus)
  • Government Secondary School, Dhuma Malka, Gujrat
  • Gujrat Law College
  • Grammar School Gujrat
  • H.B.A. Girls Higher Secondary School Peroshah
  • Superior College, G.T Road Gujrat
  • The Cathedral School Gujrat
  • The Chenab School, Near State life building, Gujrat – www.thechenabschool.com
  • The Educator Bara Dari Campus Gujrat
  • Quaid Grammer School Sook Klan Gujrat
  • The Risers School and College Deona Mandi Gujrat
  • Govt high school Kahpranwalla Gujrat
  • Govt.High School Dittewal
  • Govt Islamia High School Kunjah
  • Govt Islamia High School Gujrat
  • Captain Amir Shaheed School Gujrat
  • Bashir Ahmed Butt Pride of Performance

  Notable people


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