Raiwind (Urdu: رائے ونڈ), is a town in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is part of the Nishter Town subdivision of Lahore District and is located at 31°15'16N 74°13'4E with an altitude of 203 metres (669 feet) and lies about 40 kilometers (25 mi) from Lahore, the capital of the Punjab. The history of the town dates back to the pre-partition days before 1947. Raiwind also houses one of the biggest railway track workshops of Pakistan. The city flourished in the early 1990s in Nawaz Sharif's regime when an industrial zone was set up in the west of the city. Later Mr. Nawaz Sharif selected the vicinity of the town as his home, making it even more notable for the world outside.
In the first decade of the 21st century, the town gained more prominence when Chief Minister Punjab Chaudhary Pervez Elahi established Sunder Industrial Estate in the vicinity of the town, a few kilometres away from the town. Punjabi is the main language of Raiwind. MLA of Raiwind Abdul Rashid Bhatti was the first individual to deliver a speech in Punjabi in Punjab Assembly, Lahore.
During British Rule, Raiwind was part of the tehsil of Lahore, and the town was a junction on the North-Western Railway, where the line from Delhi via Bhatinda joined that from Multan to Lahore. Raiwind is named after a Hindu Landlord.
The city is home to a number of government and private educational institutions. Previously the education sector was not as prominent an aspect of the life of the citizens here as it is now.
The population according to the 1901 census was 1,764. Before the Ferozepore-Bhatinda Railway was opened, it was an important centre of the local trade in agricultural produce; and it possessed two cotton-ginning factories and a cotton-press, which employed around 203 people. Following independence in 1947 the railway links eastwards were no longer functional. There is also the famous school of Mission Compound in Raiwind. This school has produced famous political leaders and authors.
Every year a Muslim evangelical convention is held here. This gathering lasts for 3 days and then groups of 10 to 15 people in a "Jamaat" (Muslim Missionary Group) are made to go around the world to preach the message of Allah. Hundreds of thousands of people attend this religious gathering yearly. Presently the Ameer (principal) of Raiwind Center is Haji Abdul Wahab, and in India, Maulana Mohammed Sa'ad Kandhalvi, the great grandson of Maulana Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi. Since 2007, this congregation has been held semiannually in Pakistan. A few Muslim scholars come from India, and the majoriy come from Pakistan. A similar gathering occurs in Tongi Bangladesh which is regarded as the second most significant gathering of Muslims after Hajj. The central theme of the sermons of Ulema is that the success in this life and the hereafter lies in the Commandments of Almighty Allah and Ways of Hazrat Muhammad 'Sallulah o alahe wasalam'. For this purpose every person has to make efforts to enforce his faith in Almighty Allah.
Raiwind railway station is located on the main railway line of Pakistan Railways in middle of the Raiwind town. It is the junction of Raiwind-lodhran via Pakpattan branch railway line.
Raiwind railway station in Indo Pak war 1965
Raiwind railway station was a hub of logistic and transport efforts of the 1st Armoured Division which was attacking Khem Karan in India. The station was subjected to frequent attacks by the Indian Air Force. According to Indian pilots, Raiwind station was easy to find - just follow the south bound railway line until it reaches Raiwind.