Samar Mubarakmand was born in Rawalpindi
, Punjab Province
of the British Indian Empire
, on 17 September 1942.
He earned his education from Lahore
and matriculated from the St. Anthony's High School
After passing the university entrance exams, he enrolled at the Physics Department of Government College University
where he studied physics under dr. RM Chaudhry
. He earned his undergraduate, B.Sc.
degree, in Physics
in 1958, and entered in the post-graduate school of Government College University. He conducted his research at the High Tension Laboratory (HTL), and his master's thesis contained the detail work on the construction and development of the Gamma ray spectrometer
His master's thesis was supervised under the close collaboration of dr. RM Chaudhry and subsequently awarded the M.Sc.
in Nuclear physics in 1962 from Government College University.
In 1962, he won a doctoral scholarship and commenced doctoral research at Oxford University. At Oxford, he studied Compton scattering
and the dynamical theory of Gamma spectroscopy
with Shaukat Hameed Khan
. After his long doctoral research, he submitted his doctoral thesis on experimental nuclear physics and was awarded his PhD
in experimental nuclear physics from the University of Oxford
in 1966 under the renowned nuclear physicist D. H. Wilkinson.
During his time in Oxford, Mubarakmand closely collaborated and studied with Shaukat Hameed Khan at the Physics Department, learning about the Linear accelerators
, and after returning to Pakistan he built one.
At Oxford, he was part of the team that commissioned a 22 million volt atomic accelerator
After returning to Pakistan, Mubarakmand was posted by the government at the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission in 1966.
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
After his active role in Pakistan's integrated atomic bomb project, Mubarakmand took personal initiatives in the development of the space program
where he largely contributed his research in computational fluid dynamics
, and fluid physics
. In Pakistan's scientific circle, he is known as father of Pakistan's missile program
where he has reportedly been present at the flight test facilities of Pakistan.
In 1987, Ministry of Defence
, jointly collaborating with Ministry of Science
, initiated the integrated missile program
, an equivalent program to India's Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP). The government assigned the projects to be jointly led under the leadership of Dr. Samar Mubarakmand and Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan.
In 1995, Mubarakmand became chief project coordinator of Shaheen program
, and the following year, Mubarakmand was made director of the missile program. Mubarakmand's team successfully developed the solid boosters and solid engine for Shaheen-I
program. This was later followed by developing the Shaheen-II, Shaheen-III, Babur missile
, and the Ghaznavi
As a "Science and Technology" member at the Planning Commission of Pakistan, he has been staunch supporter of rocket science in the country. Talking to the media on August 18, 2009, Mubarakmand has Pakistan would launch its own satellite in April 2011 it made some things seem all to obvious to analyst familiar with the subject.
He described the satellite as being able to monitor agricultural programs, minerals programs and weather conditions and that it was funded by the Pakistani Planning Commission. He went on to say there were sufficient funds for the defense, nuclear and space programs. Whether this will be a less than 100 kg first test satellite or a much heavier satellite remains to be seen.
Thar Coal Power Project
supervising coal mining practiced on scientific lines for the Thar Coal Power Project.
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